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AquaBond™ Proppants

Description

New AquaBond

AquaBond™ proppants are one of our latest innovative technology platforms available in 20/40, 30/50, and 40/70 mesh sizes. These advanced proppants utilize a unique resin chemistry that reduces the production of formation water by altering the relative permeability of water through the proppant pack.  This increases the profitability of the well by reducing waste water storage and disposal costs.

Typical Applications

Fracture treatments:    

  • At closure stress up to 10,000 psi [69 MPa] 
  • At bottom-hole static temperatures from 120 - 450°F [49 - 232°C]
  • Vertical and horizontal wells
  • Refracs
  • Any well where water production is an issue

Technical Advantages and Benefits

  • Reduces the production of formation water while maintaining oil and gas production
  • Minimizes proppant flowback
  • Reduces proppant fines generation and migration
  • Minimizes proppant embedment
  • Stress Bond™ technology helps prevent wellbore consolidation
  • Frac fluid and beaker friendly

Typical Properties

Property Standard Value Unit Test Method
Absolute Volume 0.391 [0.0469], 0.392 [0.0470], 0.386 [0.0463] cm³/g [gal/lb]
API Mesh Size 20/40, 30/50, 40/70
Bulk Density 1.60 [13.4], 1.51 [12.6], 1.46 [12.2] g/cm³ [lb/gal]
Color light blue
Compatibility Fully compatible with most commonly used fracturing fluids, both water and oil-based systems. Testing with fluids prior to pumping is advised.
Composition resin coated frac sand
Median Particle Diameter 0.6538, 0.4396, 0.3154 mm
Particle Size Distribution meets or exceeds API RP 19C
Physical State solid granule
Pipe Fill Factor 0.625 [0.0749], 0.662 [0.0793], 0.685 [0.0821] cm³/g [gal/lb]
Resin Type thermosetting, curable
Solubility in Water, Brine & HCl nil weight %
Solubility in HCl/HF acid, API RP 19C ≤ 0.3 weight %
Solubility In Oil nil weight %
Specific Gravity 2.56, 2.55, 2.59
Turbidity ≤ 250 NTU (FTU)