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Black Ultra™ Proppants

Description

Black Ultra

Black Ultra™ proppant, available in 16/30, 20/40, and 30/50 mesh sizes, is a next-generation resin coated proppant utilizing a multi-functional resin system, which bonds at low temperatures without the use of a consolidation aid. In addition, the resin alters the relative permeability of the proppant pack, leading to optimized oil production. It also contains re-healing properties, important for cyclic stress that occurs over the life of the well. In addition to these features, the Black Ultra proppant Stress Bond™ technology delivers all the benefits of a curable resin coated proppant, such as flowback control and enhanced well production.

Typical Applications

Fracture treatments:   

  • At closure stress up to 8,000 psi [55 MPa] (16/30 and 20/40) and 10,000 psi [69 MPa] (30/50) 
  • At bottom-hole static temperatures from 90 - 160°F [32 - 71°C]
  • Where flowback control is necessary in low temperature reservoirs

 

Technical Advantages and Benefits

  • Low temperature bonding down to 90°F [32°C] bottom-hole static temperature without the use of a low temperature consolidation aid
  • Resin re-healing characteristics 
  • Minimizes proppant embedment
  • Reduces proppant fines generation and migration
  • Helps prevent proppant flowback
  • Stress Bond technology helps prevent wellbore consolidation
  • Frac fluid and beaker friendly

Typical Properties

Property Standard Value Unit Test Method
Absolute Volume 0.386 [0.0463], 0.383 [0.0439], 0.386 [0.0463] cm³/g [gal/lb]
API Mesh Size 16/30, 20/40, 30/50
Bulk Density 1.46 [12.2], 1.53 [12.8], 1.48 [12.4] g/cm³ [lb/gal]
Color greenish-black to black
Composition resin coated frac sand
Median Particle Diameter 0.7660, 0.5775, 0.3825 mm
Particle Size Distribution meets or exceeds API RP 19C
Physical State solid granule
Pipe Fill Factor 0.685 [0.0821], 0.654 [0.0784], 0.676 [0.0810] cm³/g [gal/lb]
Resin Type thermosetting, curable
Solubility in Water, Brine & HCl nil weight %
Specific Gravity 2.59, 2.61, 2.59
Turbidity ≤ 250 NTU (FTU)